Strong domestic demand for hemp is a relatively recent development, increasing especially after the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill, which legalized the commercial production of hemp in the United States. But the use and cultivation of hemp is not new. Evidence suggests hemp, a variety of the Cannabis sativa L. plant, has been utilized and cultivated by civilizations dating back at least 8,000 years, including medicinally since around 2700 BC. What is behind the current boom?
Hemp cultivation and use was largely suppressed in the United States in the 20th century due to governmental policy which grouped it with marijuana, and the development of opioids. But, advances in the understanding of the body’s endocannabinoid system, and a growing body of research and anecdotal evidence revealing the therapeutic benefits and applications of plant-extracted cannabinoid is driving increased customer acceptance for cannabis products, and demand for CBD in particular.